from 1st March to 31st May

Publications & Demonstrators

All accepted publications from SPARTA partners under its funding as well as videos presenting some of the work done under SPARTA


ModelSpeX: Model Specification Using Explainable Artificial Intelligence Methods

Schlegel, Udo; Cakmak, Eren; Keim, Daniel A.

Abstract Explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) methods aim to reveal the non-transparent decision-making mechanisms of black-box models. The evaluation of insight generated by such XAI methods remains challenging as the applied techniques depend on many factors (e.g., parameters and human interpretation). We propose ModelSpeX, a visual analytics workflow to interactively extract...More>>

Domains: Computing, methodologies, Artificial, intelligence, Human-centered, computing, HCI, theory, concepts, models

Defending Network Intrusion Detection Systems against Adversarial Evasion Attacks

Marek Pawlicki; Michał Choraś; Rafał Kozik

Intrusion Detection and the ability to detect attacks is a crucial aspect to ensure cybersecurity. However, what if an IDS (Intrusion Detection System) itself is attacked; in other words what defends the defender? In this work, the focus is on countering attacks on machine learning-based cyberattack detectors. In principle, we...More>>

Domains: Intrusion, Detection, IDS, Machine, Learning

LITNET-2020: An Annotated Real-World Network Flow Dataset for Network Intrusion

Damasevicius, Robertas; Venckauskas, Algimantas; Grigaliunas, Sarunas; Toldinas, Jevgenijus; Morkevicius, Nerijus; Aleliunas, Tautvydas; Smuikys, Paulius.

Network intrusion detection is one of the main problems in ensuring the security of modern computer networks, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN), and the Internet-of-Things (IoT). In order to develop efficient network-intrusion-detection methods, realistic and up-to-date network flow datasets are required. Despite several recent efforts, there is still a lack of...More>>

Domains: Benchmark, dataset, network, intrusion, detection, attack, cyber, security

Privacy-Preserving Contact Tracing: current solutions and open questions

Qiang Tang

The COVID-19 pandemic has posed a unique challenge for the world to find solutions, ranging from vaccines to ICT solutions to slow down the virus spreading. Due to the highly contagious nature of the virus, social distancing is one fundamental measure which has already adopted by many countries. At the...More>>

Domains: COVID-19, privacy-aware, contact, tracing, solutions

Building Next Generation Cyber Ranges with CRACK

Enrico Russo, Gabriele Costa, Alessandro Armando

Cyber Ranges are complex infrastructures hosting high quality exercises that simulate cybersecurity scenarios of real-world complexity. Building the computing infrastructure is only the first step towards the successful execution of the cyber exercises. The design, verification and deployment of scenarios are costly and error-prone activities. As a matter of...More>>

Domains: Cyber, Range, Cybersecurity, Training, Automated, design, Scenario, verification

Experimental Analysis of the Electromagnetic Instruction Skip Fault Model

Menu, Alexandre and Dutertre, Jean-Max and Potin, Olivier and Rigaud, Jean-Baptiste and Danger, Jean-Luc

Microcontrollers storing valuable data or using security functions are vulnerable to fault injection attacks. Among the various types of faults, instruction skips induced at runtime proved to be effective against identification routines or encryption algorithms. Until recently, most research works assessed a fault model that consists in a single...More>>

Domains: cryptography, fault, diagnosis, microcontrollers

Provably Secure Isolation for Interruptible Enclaved Execution on Small Microprocessors

Matteo Busi, Job Noorman, Jo Van Bulck, Letterio Galletta, Pierpaolo Degano, Jan Tobias Mühlberg, Frank Piessens

Computer systems often provide hardware support for isolation mechanisms like privilege levels, virtual memory,or enclaved execution. Over the past years, several successful software-based side-channel attacks have been developed that break, or at least significantly weaken the isolation that these mechanisms offer. Extending a processor with new architectural or micro-architectural features,...More>>

Domains: Microprocessors

Natural Projection as Partial Model Checking

Costa, G.; Galletta, L.; Degano, P.; Basin, D.; Bodei, C.

Verifying the correctness of a system as a whole requires establishing that it satisfies a global specification. When it does not, it would be helpful to determine which modules are incorrect. As a consequence, specification decomposition is a relevant problem from both a theoretical and practical point of view. Until...More>>

Domains: Model, Checking

Towards formal verification of IoT protocols: A Review

Katharina Hofer-Schmitz, Branka Stojanovi

Formal Verification is one of the crucial methods to detect possible weaknesses and vulnerabilities at an early stage. This paper reviews formal methods for an extensive variety of protocols used in the IoT environment. It gives detailed descriptions of the considered properties and the applied methods. An in-depth literature...More>>

Domains: Formal, verification, Security, Protocols, Model, checkers, IoT